Aug 29, 2013 12:00 AM by John Reger

GQ: What are the criteria for awarding the Medal of Honor?

This week President Obama decorated Army Staff Sergeant Ty Carter with the nation's highest military award, the Medal of Honor. His unit was heavily outnumbered in an Afghan firefight when Carter kept running back into the firefight supplying ammunition, killing taliban fighters and dragging a dying comrade to safety.

Tonight's Good Question: What are the criteria for awarding the Medal of Honor? Good Question.

The Medal is given to a member of the Armed Forces for conspicuous gallantry at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty.

The Medal was first authorized in 1861 by President Lincoln for Sailors and Marines but Army soldiers were added the following year.

Throughout the years, the various branches of service had differing criteria, sometimes awarding medals for peacetime bravery.

During World War Two medals were only awarded for action in combat. It wasn't until 1963 that the law stated the actions had to come in a military operation against a foreign force.

Most medals have been given to servicemen who were killed in battle.

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